Munich is the capital and largest city of the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps. Munich is the third largest city in Germany, after Berlin and Hamburg, and the 12th biggest city of the European Union.
Munich, located at the river Isar in the south of Bavaria, is famous for its beautiful architecture, fine culture, and the annual Oktoberfest beer celebration. Although it was heavily damaged by allied bombing during World War II, many of its historic buildings have been rebuilt and the city center appears mostly as it did in the late 1800s including its largest church, the Frauenkirche, and the famous city hall (Neues Rathaus).
The City Center is usually defined as the area within the old city fortifications, now most distinctly recognizable by the traffic loop known as the Altstadtring, although there are many portions of the historical walls still visible. Many of the main tourist attractions can be found in the City Center. Most notable are of course the New City Hall (Neues Rathaus) with the world famous Glockenspiel, the Old City Hall, the Feldherrenhalle, the Residenz (former residence of the Bavarian kings), Nationaltheater (the opera house) and the world’s most famous beer hall, the Hofbräuhaus am Platzl. Several historic churches such as the Frauenkirche, Asamkirche, Peterskirche and Theatinerkirche are also located in the city center. Three of the historic city gates still exist: Karlstor (at Stachus), Isartor and Sendlinger Tor (all are located at U-Bahn or S-Bahn stations).
Munich has also hosted several international sport events including the 1972 Olympics Games. Munich was one of the host cities of the 1974 FIFI Worldcup and the final, which was won by the German team, was held at the Munich Olympic Stadium. Munich was again one of the host cities at the 2006 FIFA Worldcup. This time the opening match and 5 additional matches including one of the semi-finals were played at the new Allianz Arena.
Necessary for a BMW enthusiast is BMW Museum — Exhibitions highlight the history of the famous car maker while the adjacent BMW Welt presents its current products.