Prague Castle was most likely founded in around 880 by Prince Bořivoj of the Premyslid Dynasty (Přemyslovci). According to the Guinness Book of World Records, Prague Castle is the largest coherent castle complex in the world, with an area of almost 70,000 m². A UNESCO World Heritage site, it consists of a large-scale composition of palaces and ecclesiastical buildings of various architectural styles, from the remains of Romanesque-style buildings from the 10th century through Gothic modifications of the 14th century.
It is the oldest bridge in the city, built between the 14th and 15 th century, and it spans the river with 16 pillars. It is lined with statues and lamps and this scenery together with the Gothic bridge towers on both ends makes the Charles Bridge a breathtaking historical monument. There is no better place in Prague for a walk in the evening.
The baroque library was first opened in 1722 as a part of the Jesuit University based in Klementinum. It houses over 20,000 volumes of mostly foreign theological literature, coming into Klementinum from the beginning of the 17th century until recent times. Books with white painted spines and red marks have been in the library since the time of the Jesuits.
With its ancient buildings and magnificent churches, this is one of the most beautiful historical sight in Europe. The most notable sights on the square are the Old Town Hall Tower & Astronomical Clock, Tyn Church and St. Nicholas Church.
One of the most prominent landmarks of Prague, was built as part of the Jubilee Exhibition in 1891 as a loose copy inspired by the Eiffel Tower (at a ratio of 1:5). It is 63.5 metres high, and 299 steps lead to its peak, which is at the same altitude as the real Eiffel Tower. The view from its top overlooks not only the whole city, but on a clear day you can see nearly all of Bohemia.
A site standing as a memorial to Czech history, shrouded in legends and myths old as the nation itself, the seat of the mythical Přemysl princes, the last resting place of the most eminent of Czech artists and one of the symbols of Czech statehood. This is mythical Vyšehrad – an extensive complex spreading out on a high promontory overlooking the Vltava River, whose dark silhouette of narrow towers makes up a dominant feature of the southern centre of Prague. Another real experience for you will be sitting on the local battlements over the River Vltava, from where you can watch a magical sunset over the silhouette of Prague Castle opposite.
Few European cities can boast a better preserved Jewish Ghetto than Prague. Six synagogues, a Jewish Town Hall, magical cemetery and the unique genius loci make Josefov in Prague a place which you should certainly not leave out when you are wandering around the “Golden City”. Get to know the unsettled history of the Prague Jews, their architecture, traditions, customs and stories, which rank among some of the most tragic of the 20th century.
The TV Tower in Žižkov was built between 1985 and 1992 according to the design of Ing. Arch.Václav Aulický and Dr. Ing. Jiří Kozák. Despite critical reactions of local residents who pointed to the contrast of high-tech architecture and the historic neighbourhood of Zizkov, the tower was completed. Today, the tower is recognised as a dominant feature of The Prague panorama. Since 2000, the babies have become a characteristic part of the tower, namely ten giant babies climbing the tower up and down. The fibreglass sculptures called Miminka (Babies) were originally placed there only temporarily, but they became so popular that they were permanently installed on the tower.
Prague Zoo is the second most visited destination in the Czech Republic after Prague Castle. By the TripAdvisor is the Prague ZOO 4th best zoo around the world! It offers its visitors 12 pavilions, where they can become familiar with the variety of species of the animal kingdom, the popular Indonesian Jungle, African House, Gorilla Pavilion, Feline Pavilion, Elephant Valley, Hippo Pavilion and others among them.
The exposition is closely related to the history of Czechoslovak and Czech aviation, especially its military branch. Several other types of foreign important aircraft are also exhibited for comparison, together with numerous aircraft engines, parts of airframes, armament, uniforms, banners, marks of distinction and other relics related to the history of Czechoslovak and Czech aviation.